Wu Xiao, director of the rural economic development of the national development and Reform Commission, said: scientific planning is calmly built to promote the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy.

Wu Xiao

09 November 2018, 08:25 source: Farmers Daily
 
Original title: scientific planning and calm construction to promote the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy

The implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy is a long-term historic task. We must strengthen planning and guidance, formulate strategic plans for rural revitalization, formulate phased objectives, refine the focal points and policies and measures to ensure the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy.

First, fully understand the great significance of implementing the strategy of Rural Revitalization and find out the functional orientation of Rural Revitalization Strategy Planning.

The nineteen Party of the party put forward the strategy of revitalizing the countryside. The Central Committee of Comrade Xi Jinping focused on the overall situation of the party and the state as a whole, deeply grasped the law of modernization and the characteristics of the relationship between urban and rural areas, met the aspiration of hundreds of millions of peasants for a better life, and made important decisions and arrangements for the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers". It is a major historical task of winning the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way and building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. It is the general starting point for the work of "three rural issues" in the new era.

The plan for scientific use is the road map, construction plan and timetable for Rural Revitalization. At the central economic work conference held at the end of 2017, general secretary Xi Jinping explicitly called for the Rural Revitalization Strategy Plan, scientifically grasped the general requirements of the Rural Revitalization Strategy and the law of rural development, raised the foresight and systematization, fully understood the long-term nature of the Rural Revitalization task, maintained historical patience, avoided exceeding the development stage, emphasized the key points at the same time, and continued to achieve phased results; adopted different methods for different types of areas to comply with the public sentiment of the village, which not only needed the government, the society and the market to work together, but also made full use of the farmers' main role. The objectives and tasks should be consistent with the reality, and the safeguard measures must be forceful and operable. At the central rural work conference, general secretary Xi Jinping once again stressed the importance of scientific planning, quality oriented and leisurely construction, and no pursuit of speed. Premier Li Keqiang, chairman Wang Yang and vice premier Hu Chunhua also made instructions for the formulation of the strategic plan for Rural Revitalization. In order to implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, according to the Central Document No. 1 of 2018, the national development and Reform Commission and the relevant departments formulated the strategic plan for Rural Revitalization (2018-2022 years) (hereinafter referred to as the "planning"), which has been issued and issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council.

Under the guidance of Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics, the plan focuses on implementing the spirit of the nineteen and third Plenary Session of the nineteen Central Committee of the party, focusing on the spirit of the central economic work conference and the central rural work conference, based on the No.1 document of the Central Committee, making clear the goal and implementation path of building a well-off society in an all-round way in 2020 and holding the party's 20 th National Congress in 2022.

Two, accurately grasp the overall requirements of Rural Revitalization Strategy, and give full play to the strategic guiding role of planning.

From 2018 to 2022, it is the first five years to implement the strategy of Rural Revitalization. It is in the historical intersection of the goal of "two one hundred years". The revitalization of rural areas should provide strong support for building a well-off society in an all-round way, and lay a good foundation for the agricultural and rural areas to keep pace with the new steps of building a socialist modernization country in an all-round way. In the process of planning, we should pay special attention to the following aspects:

(1) scientific research on the laws and trends of urban and rural development, and enhancing planning foresight. General secretary Xi Jinping made clear that planning should be based on the concept of integration of urban and rural areas, integrated design, and integration of multiple plans. The overall consideration should be given to industrial development, population layout, public services, land use and ecological protection. The judgment of the development trend of agriculture, rural economy and social ecology in the coming period, especially in the next 5 years, is the premise for the scientific compilation of the plan, mainly based on the following judgments: first, the development of industry. With the quickening adjustment of the agricultural structure, grain production is basically stable, and the proportion of animal husbandry and fishery has gradually increased. Agricultural production presents the trend of professionalism, mechanization and product greening. The industrial linkage between urban and rural areas is more closely related, and the rural industrial integration is developing vigorously. Agricultural products processing industry, agricultural productive service industry, leisure agriculture and rural tourism, Internet plus agriculture will become an important support for rural industrial revitalization. The two is population distribution. Rural population size and number of villages continue to decrease, the aging of rural population intensifies, and the scale of agricultural labor force continues to shrink. The trend of rural population transfer to cities and towns will not change, and reverse urbanization may occur in some areas. The trend of rural differentiation is more obvious, and the situation of revival, extinction and integration coexist. The characteristic towns and beautiful and livable villages will become an important carrier of Rural Revitalization. The three is land use. The pressure of rural cultivated land protection still exists, and the right to land management is accelerated. The phenomenon of idle housing land and rural hollowing is further developed. The four is ecological protection. The worsening trend of agricultural pollution has been curbed, and the improvement of rural human settlements has been accelerated. However, the situation of rural ecological environment protection and restoration is still very grim.

(two) deeply understand the connotation of Rural Revitalization Strategy, improve planning systematicness, guidance and maneuverability. The plan firmly establishes the concept of new development, and fully embodies the general requirements of "industrial prosperity, livable ecology, effective governance, and affluent life" in the aspects of layout, index setting, strategic tasks, and policy initiatives. It takes the rural economy, politics, culture, society, ecology and Party building as an organic whole, plans and coordinates overall plans, and promotes the revitalization of rural industries, talents, culture, ecology and organizations, and promotes the overall upgrading of agriculture, the overall progress of rural areas, the all-round development of farmers, and the enhancement of systematicness. As the starting point and foothold for safeguarding the fundamental interests of the farmers and promoting the common prosperity of the broad masses of peasants, we should focus on the main direction of Rural Revitalization in the next five years, refine the key tasks and key measures, deploy major projects, major plans and major actions, establish the index system for rural revitalization, clarify the safeguard measures, enhance the operability and restraint of the planning, ensure the smooth implementation of the Rural Revitalization Strategy and achieve phased results.

(three) adhere to the priority development of agriculture and rural areas and speed up the development of agricultural and rural development. Agriculture is still a short leg of the "four modernizations synchronization", and the rural area is still a short board for building a well-off society in an all-round way. For the first time, the nineteen party put forward the preferential development of agriculture and rural areas for the first time. This is a great promotion to the guiding ideology of "three rural" work and an inevitable requirement of "three rural" work. On the guiding ideology, the plan clearly put forward that we should conscientiously strengthen the leadership of the party in the work of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, improve the leadership responsibility system for implementing the Rural Revitalization Strategy, truly implement the general policy of giving priority to agriculture and rural development, and change the situation of "three rural" work, "to talk about important issues, to work harder and to work harder", so as to provide a strong guarantee for the revitalization of rural areas. In terms of factor allocation, the plan broadens the channels for raising rural revitalization funds from the following aspects: insisting on financial priority protection, setting up new farmland indicators such as high standard farmland construction, and increasing the link between urban and rural construction land, and reducing savings in provinces and regions; and raising channels for raising funds for Rural Revitalization; strengthening the support of Rural Revitalization talents from various angles, such as strengthening the cultivation of new professional farmers, training specialized personnel in rural areas, encouraging and supporting the return of all kinds of personnel to the countryside, undertaking entrepreneurship, and so on. In order to revitalize the stock, make good use of traffic and increase increments, and so on, it ensures the development of new rural industries and new formats, and forms a powerful institutional supply to promote rural revitalization. In terms of infrastructure and public services, the plan continues to focus on rural areas, promoting the sharing and interconnection of urban and rural infrastructures, establishing and improving the basic public service system of universal coverage, sharing benefits, and integrating urban and rural areas, and improving the rural social security system.

(four) adhere to the two wheel drive of Rural Revitalization and new urbanization, and build a new pattern of Rural Revitalization in urban and rural areas. The plan focuses on reshaping the relationship between urban and rural areas, and tries to re recognize and reposition the status of rural areas in the process of industrialization and urbanization. First, we should make overall arrangements for urban and rural development. In accordance with the main function orientation, the overall layout of the development, protection and renovation of land space should be carried out, and the layout structure of urban and rural areas should be improved. Two is to optimize rural production, living and ecological space. To meet the needs of the integration of modern agriculture and rural industry, we should make full use of rural production space, give full play to the comparative advantages of various regions, and gradually integrate rural production into the regional industrial chain and production network. In order to adapt to the modernization needs of farmers, we should rationally layout rural living space and improve rural service functions. To meet the needs of ecological civilization construction, we must strictly protect the rural ecological space and enhance the ecological function and service value. Three is to reform and improve the urban and rural integration development system and mechanism. Efforts should be made to break down all kinds of obstacles to the rural areas and the drawbacks of the system and mechanism, so as to make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, better play the role of the government, and promote the formation of a new type of workers, peasants and urban and rural relations, which are mutually reinforcing by workers and peasants, complementing urban and rural areas, fully integrating and co prosperity.

(five) give full play to the main role of farmers in Rural Revitalization and stimulate the vitality of rural development. General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that we should unswervingly push forward rural reform and institutional innovation, give full play to the main role and pioneering spirit of millions of peasants, and constantly emancipate and develop rural social productive forces. First, we should activate the resource elements to increase energy. We should deepen the reform of the rural land system, speed up the reform of the management system of rural collective construction land, and support the use of rural collective land by people returning home and going to the countryside. The two is to enhance the industry's "strong physique" by developing. The prosperity of industry is the focus of implementing the strategy of Rural Revitalization. We must speed up the implementation of the industry to promote the village and strengthen the county's actions, take the dominant characteristic agricultural industry as the support, take the rural 123 industry integration development as the main direction of attack, and strive to build a development pattern of "one village, one product, one Township, one industry", to support and expand the collective economy, and to promote the common prosperity of the peasants. The three is to cultivate the spirit of "civilized country". Innovative ways and means to mobilize the virtuous people, capable people and rich people in the village, and strive to form an exemplary role in stimulating villagers to participate in creating new trends. Four is to strengthen the basic work of "gathering heart qi". We should give full play to the role of villagers' meetings, villagers' representatives' meetings and villagers' Council of deliberation, strengthen the ability of village level organizations to serve villagers, build up a fusion operation mechanism of village level autonomous organizations and collective economic organizations under the leadership of grass-roots party organizations, and enhance the appeal and cohesion of rural grass-roots organizations.

(six) take full account of the differences and characteristics of different regions, and classify and promote rural revitalization in an orderly way. According to the trend of diversity of rural morphology, we should pay attention to regional characteristics and local customs. According to the development status, location conditions and resource endowments of different villages, the revitalization path is designed according to local conditions. According to the 4 types of cluster upgrading, suburban integration, characteristic protection, relocation and withdrawal, the rural development is classified and promoted accurately. We should rationally arrange priorities for rural revitalization, scientifically grasp the rhythm and strive to promote rural revitalization in a solid and orderly manner.

Three, focus on the strengths and weaknesses of the compensation board, and clarify the stage tasks of Rural Revitalization.

Focusing on the strengths and weaknesses of the compensation board, the plan focuses on the construction of the Rural Revitalization system framework and policy system, reasonably sets the phased goals, identifies the key tasks for the next five years, and strives to go out of the road of revitalizing the socialist countryside with Chinese characteristics.

(1) improve the innovation, competitiveness and total factor productivity of agricultural development. In line with the requirements of quality first, efficiency first and high quality development, we should strive to build a modern rural industrial system and promote industrial prosperity. First, we must firmly uphold the bottom line of food security. We should implement the strategy of storing grain in the land and grain in grain, consolidate the capacity of grain production, and ensure that it can produce and supply when needed. Two, we must unswervingly push forward the structural reform of the supply side of agriculture. We should persist in promoting agriculture with quality and green agriculture, take the road of agricultural development with high quality, characteristic and branding, adjust and optimize the layout of agricultural productive forces, and speed up the construction of modern agricultural industrial system, production system and operation system. Three, we must promote the deep integration of the 123 industries in rural areas, take the market demand as the guidance, improve the interest linkage mechanism as the core, take the institutional mechanism and the business mode innovation as the driving force, and build a modern industrial system with the integration of agriculture and the two or three industries, so as to achieve a win-win situation between the industrial development and the increase of farmers' income. The four is to deal with the relationship between the development of small-scale business owners and small farmers, fully respect the wishes of farmers, support the development of appropriate scale operation dominated by family management, and gradually introduce small-scale peasant production into modern agricultural development track through socialized services.

(two) promote the green development of agriculture and rural areas. Firmly establishing green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan. We must respect nature, conform to nature and protect nature. We should co-ordinate the management of Shanshui Lintian Lake grass system, accelerate the transformation of production and life style, and build an ecological livable beautiful countryside with beautiful living environment, stable and healthy ecosystem, and harmonious coexistence of man and nature. First, we should improve the system of recuperation and recuperation of agricultural resources, expand the pilot projects of crop rotation, strengthen the standardized management of agricultural inputs, fully realize the harmless disposal of agricultural wastes, raise the level of resource utilization, and effectively protect the environment of producing areas. Two, we should continue to implement the governance projects of outstanding agricultural environment, increase governance, improve policies, regulations, systems and technical paths, and effectively curb the worsening trend of agricultural ecological environment. Three is to carry out rural residential environment improvement action, the rural human settlements renovation, toilet revolution as a specific strategy to implement the Rural Revitalization Strategy to promote, and constantly achieve results. The four is to carry out major projects for ecological rehabilitation, coordinate the management of lakes and grass systems in Shanshui Lintian, vigorously implement the land greening action, and accelerate the construction of a national ecological security barrier.

(three) prosperity and development of rural culture. Guided by the socialist core values, we should uphold spiritual civilization and material civilization, inherit and develop the fine traditional Chinese culture, stimulate the creation and vitality of rural culture, enhance the spiritual outlook of farmers, cultivate civilized countryside, good family traditions and simple folk customs, and renew the new atmosphere of civilization, and gather the powerful spiritual strength to realize the Rural Revitalization. First, we should strengthen ideological and moral construction in rural areas. Adhere to education guidance, practice development, system guarantee, and integrate the socialist core values into every aspect of rural development. The two is to inherit and develop the excellent traditional culture in rural areas. On the basis of protection and inheritance, creative transformation and innovative development will continuously give the connotation of the times. Three, we should enrich the rural cultural life, promote the integration of urban and rural public cultural service system, increase the supply of excellent rural cultural products and services, actively and prospering the rural cultural market, and provide high-quality nutrition for the masses of farmers.

(four) improve the modern rural governance system. The most solid force in implementing the strategy of Rural Revitalization is at the grass-roots level. In the nineteen major reports of the party, it is clearly pointed out that "strengthening rural grassroots basic work" is to strengthen the core position of rural grassroots party organizations and improve the rural governance system combining autonomy, rule of law and rule by virtue. First, deepen the practice of villagers' autonomy, adhere to autonomy as the foundation, strengthen the construction of mass self-governing organizations at the grass-roots level in rural areas, improve and innovate the dynamic mechanism of villagers' autonomy under the leadership of village Party organizations, and push the focus of social governance down to the grass-roots level, so that farmers can "speak, discuss affairs and master affairs". Two, we should improve the rule of law at the grass-roots level in rural areas, adhere to the rule of law, establish the concept of governance according to law, and strengthen the authority of law in safeguarding farmers' rights and interests, regulating market operation, supporting agriculture, protecting the ecological environment, and resolving social conflicts in rural areas. The three is to raise the level of rule of virtue in rural areas. We must uphold the rule of virtue first, rule by virtue, nourish the rule of law, and let rule of virtue run through the whole process of village governance. Adapting to the characteristics of "acquaintance society" in rural areas, giving play to the positive role of leaders and Xinxiang sages.

(five) speed up the short board of rural people's livelihood. We must uphold and improve people's livelihood in the process of development, focus on the most direct and realistic interests of farmers, raise the level of rural good life, meet the growing needs of the peasants, and enable farmers to have more sense of reality, happiness and safety. First, we must resolutely tackle the tough fight against poverty and put the lifting of poverty in the first place. We must formulate and implement a three year action plan to tackle the problem of poverty eradication accurately and take more effective measures, more concentrated support and more meticulous work to ensure that the poor rural population will be lifted out of poverty by the current standards of China in 2020. All the poverty-stricken counties will lift their cap to solve regional poverty. The two is to strengthen the construction of rural infrastructure, continue to focus on infrastructure construction in rural areas, continue to increase investment, accelerate the consolidation of rural infrastructure short board, promote the interconnection of urban and rural infrastructure, and promote the upgrading of rural infrastructure. Three, we should improve the quality of employment of rural labor force, adhere to the employment priority strategy and active employment policy, improve the equal employment system in urban and rural areas, continuously improve the quality of rural labourers, expand the employment opportunities for migrant workers and increase the income of nearby areas for employment, so as to achieve higher quality and full employment. Four, we should increase the supply of public services in rural areas, continue to focus on the development of social undertakings in rural areas, promote public education, medical and health care, social security, and pension services and other resources to the rural areas, and gradually establish and improve the basic public service system of universal coverage, universal benefit sharing and integration of urban and rural areas, and promote the extension of public services to the rural areas and social undertakings to rural areas.

Four, strengthen planning implementation, and promote the implementation of Rural Revitalization Strategy.

The Central Committee's policy on Rural Revitalization has been made clear. The next step is to put the Central Committee's strategic plan into practice and transform the grand blueprint into reality. The implementation of the strategic plan for Rural Revitalization must adhere to the leadership of the party, better perform the responsibilities of governments at all levels, use the means of marketization and rule of law, stimulate the vitality and creativity of all kinds of subjects to the greatest extent, and form a strong resultant force to promote the implementation of various tasks.

(1) strengthening organization and leadership. The key to doing well in rural areas and revitalizing the countryside lies in the party. We must adhere to the mechanism of discussion and decision on major issues, important issues and important tasks of rural revitalization, and implement the party and government leaders as the first responsible person and the five level Secretary to grasp the work requirements of rural revitalization, and provide a strong guarantee for the implementation of the plan. We should establish a performance appraisal system for the party and government leading bodies and leading cadres in cities and counties to promote the strategy of rural revitalization, and take the examination results as an important basis for selecting and appointing leading cadres.

(two) improve the planning system. According to the deployment of the Central Document No. 1, all localities and departments will work out rural revitalization local planning and special plans or plans. Through the establishment of a planning system of integration of urban and rural areas, regional integration and multi planning, the objectives and tasks of the plan and the action of project plans should be decomposed into departments and local governments, and the main body of responsibility, timetable and roadmap should be further defined, so as to compress and ensure the landing.

(three) pay attention to typical driving. We should adhere to the overall revitalization of the rural areas, highlight key areas, key issues and key links, and promote the related work in an orderly way in accordance with different levels of development and different types of villages. We should respect and give full play to the spirit of initiative at the grass-roots level, seek breakthroughs and breakthrough points from the difficulties and focuses of rural development in various regions, and promote top-level design and grass-roots practice and exploration to achieve positive interaction and organic integration.

(four) mobilizing social participation. We should build a platform for social participation, strengthen organizational mobilization, and build a Rural Revitalization participation mechanism promoted by the government, market and society. We should publicize the forms of innovation, publicize the relevant policies and vivid practices of rural revitalization, and maximize the cohesion and consensus of the whole society. We should establish an expert decision consultation system for rural revitalization, and organize a think tank to strengthen theoretical research. Attracting all kinds of resources to rural areas and Promoting Rural Revitalization have achieved early results.

(Editor: Wang Yao, Zhang Guigui)
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